Brutalism came out of Modernism. It is typified by the dominant use of concrete and or ‘severe’ and repetitive block-like shapes. The term ‘Brutalist’ was coined by Alison and Peter Smithson in 1953 – their ideology was influenced by the work of Le Corbusier. Brutalist architecture encapsulates the socialist ideal of architecture for the people. It has been said the New Brutalism was born of British post-war austerity and welfare state reconstuction.