The Wairau Bar, is one of New Zealand's most famous archaeological sites. Here, in 1939, a schoolboy, Jim Eyles, discovered a Moa hunter burial complete with tools and ornaments and a complete Moa egg which had been drilled at one end to extract the contents.
Archaeologist Roger Duff’s excavations at Wairau Bar established conclusively that the moa hunters were an early Maori people. He showed that differences between human tools found in different excavated layers could be explained by the evolution of a Maori culture, and were not evidence of a separate, pre-Maori people in New Zealand.
Some authorities consider that this could have been the first site in New Zealand to be colonised.
The village was quite large covering some 7 hectares and 'evacuations have yielded evidence of rectangular houses, working areas for artefact manufacture, cooking and midden areas ....Bone remains showed five species of Moa were hunted.'
This extra large Moa egg in the image has inspired a reinvention of Te Papa's Natural History exhibition in 2019, with the egg as a centerpiece and a 'nest' theme.